September 19, 2021 Comment off

# What are the assumptions for conducting a paired or dependent samples t-test in a study?

What are the assumptions for conducting a paired or dependent samples t-test in a study?
The independent samples t-test is a parametric statistical technique used to determine significant differences between the scores obtained from two samples or groups. Since the t-test is considered fairly easy to calculate, researchers often use it in determining differences between two groups. The t-test examines the differences between the means of the two groups in a study and adjusts that difference for the variability (computed by the standard error) among the data. When interpreting the results of t-tests, the larger the calculated t ratio, in absolute value, the greater the difference between the two groups. The significance of a t ratio can be determined by comparison with the critical values in a statistical table for the t distribution using the degrees of freedom (df) for the study (see Appendix A Critical Values for Student’s t Distribution at the back of this text). The formula for df for an independent t-test is as follows:
df=(numberofsubjectsinsample1+numberofsubjectsinsample2)−2
Exampledf=(65insample1+67insample2)−2=132−2=130 